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Saturday, April 18, 2020 | History

2 edition of The British coal-tar industry found in the catalog.

The British coal-tar industry

The British coal-tar industry

its origin, development, and decline

by

  • 166 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by Williams and Norgate in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Coal-tar products,
  • Coal-tar colors

  • Edition Notes

    Statementedited by Walter M. Gardner
    SeriesLandmarks II, monographs
    ContributionsGardner, Walter Myers, 1862-
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Paginationix, 437 p.
    Number of Pages437
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL18073653M


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The British coal-tar industry Download PDF EPUB FB2

Internet Archive BookReader The British coal-tar industry: its origin, development, and decline. The book before us, a collection of papers and lectures by experts, edited, by Professor Gardner, answers this question in detail, and in addition relates the history of the coal-tar industry in this country and in Germany.

The subject is of necessity highly technical, and perhaps it can hardly be expected that the book should have a popular.

Get this from a library. The British coal-tar industry: its origin, development, and decline. [Walter M Gardner;]. Coal tar is a thick dark liquid which is a by-product of the production of coke and coal gas from coal.

It has both medical and industrial uses. It may be applied to the affected area to treat psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff). It may be used in combination with ultraviolet light therapy. Industrially it is a railway tie preservative and used in the surfacing of ncy category: US: C (Risk not ruled out).

Filed under: Petroleum industry and trade Thirty-Five Years of Oil Transport: The Evolution of the Tank Steamer (London and Tonbridge: Printed by Bradbury, Agnew, and Co., ), by James Dodds Henry. Jubilee of the discovery of mauve and of the foundation of the coal-tar colour industry by Sir W.

Perkin. Edited by Raphael Meldola, Arthur G. Green, John Cannell Cain, International celebration of the coal-tar colour : Ashley Augustyniak. Observations and suggestions on the present position of the British chemical industry, with special reference to coal-tar derivatives Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry 5: –9 Levinthal, Dan, and Myatt, J.

().Cited by: German coal tar and benzole industries during the period London, Published for the British Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committee by H.M. Stationery Off., (OCoLC) @article{osti_, title = {History of the British gas industry}, author = {}, abstractNote = {From its founding in as the Gas Light and Coke Co.

to its nationalization inthe UK gas industry relied for its supply on coal pyrolysis in retorts, which yielded valuable by-products such as coke and coal tar. In the s, the advent of gas-manufacturing processes based on imported.

The British Coal-Tar Industry, Its origin, development, and decline, a collection of lectures and papers covering nearly 50 years beginning in and ending incould describe an extraordinary range of products by then derived from coal-tar, including synthetic medicines, scents, flavorings, photographic dyes, artificial fertilizers Cited by: 9.

A listing of the industry codes used on Form T When completing form T, Statement of Business or Professional Activities, form T, Statement of Fishing Activities, or form T, Statement of Farming Activities, you have to enter an industry code that corresponds to your main business activity.

If your business has more than one activity, use the code that most closely. The British coal industry Stone: The British coal trade Jeavons The British coal trade Jevons The British coal-tar industry; its origin, development, and decline Gardiner The Coal Question Jeavons The coal-fields of Great Britain: their history, structure, and resources.

Hull the Modern Chemical Industry, a rather standard account of the British industry published in Other Important Works Walter Gardner’s The British Coal-tar Industry brought together reprints of many papers about the British dye in-dustry, mostly po-lemical in nature but with some historical value, and thus it was the forerunner of the.

The story of William Perkin, a British chemist who as a teenager accidentally stumbled upon coal-tar derivative dyes mauve being the first. Beyond its immediate impact of creating a new industry and economy (mauve measles was a huge fad), the dyes were later found to have applications in cell research, medicines, explosives and plastics/5.

Coal sampling and analysis standards 7 Contents Preface 3 Abstract 4 Acronyms and abbreviations 5 Contents 7 List of Figures 9 List of Tables 10 1 Introduction 11 2 International and national standards 14 ISO standards 14 ASTM International 14 British.

The NOOK Book (eBook) of the Trademarked: A History of Well-Known Brands from Aertex to Wright's Coal Tar by David Newton at Barnes & Pages: The history of coal mining goes back thousands of years. It became important in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was primarily used to power steam engines, heat buildings and generate electricity.

Coal mining continues as an important economic activity today. Compared to wood fuels, coal yields a higher amount of energy per mass and can often be obtained in. Gardner, The British Coal-Tar Industry () pp. –3; Report on Chemical Industry in Germany Cd) pp. 38 ff. Google Scholar 4.

Hauser, Les Méthodes Allemandesd’Expansion Economique (Paris, Cited by: Full text of "Coal tar dyes and intermediates" See other formats. Munitions is another aspect not fully explored in the book. Until development of the petrochemicals industry in the s, toluene (for TNT) and benzene (for phenol and picric acid) were coal tar derivatives.

The British dye industry succeeded in supplying munitions needed during World War I. Coal tar pitch was a by-product of processing coal to make coke, which in turn was used in making carbon steel and electrodes for the aluminum industry.

Asphalt, a by-product of processing petroleum to make gasoline, fuel oil, and various hydrocarbon polymers, was also popular. Coal tar varnishes were rather rougher than that. In the early days of the gas industry a number of mixes for painting on wood were known as 'varnish' or 'tar varnish' or 'naphtha varnish'.

In the early days of the gas industry the British Tar Company's grades of tar sold before had included a 'pitch varnish' and 'an oil used for varnish'.

C.G. Cash, in Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, Coal-tar Pitch Built-up Roofing. Coal-tar pitch membranes using coal-tar saturated organic felts is one of the oldest systems listed in Table systems perform very well historically, but are limited to very low slope applications and must be gravel surfaced because of the low viscosity of coal-tar pitch at normal.

International Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary and Handbook Introduction • vii Preface The International Cosmetic Ingredient Nomenclature Committee was established by the Council more than forty-five years ago to assign unique, standardized names to cosmetic ingredients (INCI names).

While initiated as a File Size: KB. In the British Tar Company's works, coal was burnt in the bottom of "stoves". Smoke from the coal went up into "proper horizontal tunnels" and then into a "capacious and close tunnel yards or more in length" which was "covered on the top with a shallow pond of water".

Buy The Application of the Coal Tar Dyestuffs: The Principles Involved and the Methods Employed and the British Empire has now an opportunity of increasing its industrial output by the application of this knowledge to the raw materials available in the different parts of the world.

The subject in this series of handbooks will be treated Author: C. Whittaker. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts. Longer titles found: Wright's Coal Tar Soap () searching for Coal tar found ( total) alternate case: coal tar Sealcoat ( words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article contaminated by eroded coal tar sealant.

It is also known to have effects on fish and other animals that live in water. Coal-tar pitch is produced by distillation of the crude coke-oven tar (obtained during the high-temperature treatment of coal to make coke or natural gas). Pitch materials are usually thick, black, or dark brown liquids or semi-solids with a naphthalene-like odor.

Coal-tar. Without any attempts at 'whitewash' this book puts the record straight. From academic chemist to industrialist to politician, Chemistry, Society and Environment: A New History of the British Chemical Industry will be of relevance to all those concerned with the social and environmental impact of the chemical industry.

* The dyestuffs industry was largely based on chemicals obtained from coal tar, a black, viscous by-product of gas production from coal.

Initially regarded as a useless and filthy nuisance, coal tar turned out to offer an unimaginably rich treasure trove of chemicals. A book is the best and the oldest way to pass knowledge through ages.

More books appeared, more information had to be saved. Technical progress lead us to electronic books, and than - electronic libraries. Digital library is the perfect way to collect great amount of e-books, magazines, articles, scientific publications, which provides fast and.

Bay. This was an early warning sign of the environmental problems that would taint the dye industry and erode public support. The Calco Chemical Company was founded in at a site near Bound Brook and the Raritan River in New Jersey.

Initially Calco manufactured coal-tar intermediates. After the company also produced synthetic dyes. For example, O’Brien suggests that a reference to Holmes having carried out work on ‘coal-tar derivatives’ may represent work on chemical dyes, which were the subject of some competition between British and German industry in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

John Leigh claims to have shown coal-tar benzene and nitro-benzene made from it at the British Association meeting held at Manchester inbut the report of the meeting says nothing about it, and the world in general learned the presence of benzene in coal-tar only from the independent discovery of A.

Hofmann, published in Due to the toxicity of many coal tar constituents, sites contaminated as a result of gasworks operations pose a significant threat to public health. This book will discuss the history of the manufactured gas industry in Massachusetts (the largest in the US), as well as the toxicity of gasworks waste products, technical challenges in the cleanup.

NSF led the development of American National Standards for all materials and products that treat or come in contact with drinking water, such as plumbing components, water treatment chemicals and drinking water filters, as well as pool and spa equipment to help protect public health and minimize adverse health effects.

Standards and protocols can provide credibility and industry acceptance. Tiiough the coal - tar colour industry had languished, it had never actually become extinct. It may, however, be asserted that the British industry had sunk to its lowest depths about the years ; but from then onward it conmenced to recover, till in its com-petition was being increasingly felt by the.

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition maintains its initial premise: to introduce the science of coal, beginning with its formation in the ground to the production of a wide variety of products and petrochemical intermediates in the twenty-first century.

The book will prove useful for scientists and engineers already engaged in. The coal tar industry provided the raw materials for developing these colorful dyes. The aniline compounds, the basis for the synthetic dye industry, had an aromatic ring containing a nitrogen atom.

InHoffman began experimenting with the anilines, and discovered four isomers of acetylanilide, derived from coal tar. For many years, Germany imported coal tar from England.

Britain also had the largest textile industry in the world. British dye companies continued to innovate, developing a number of important dyes. ASTM's roofing standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the dimensional, mechanical, and performance requirements of various forms of roofing systems.

These systems are assembled in the uppermost part of building structures to provide protection and insulation from external elements such as rain, sunlight, and heat.A comprehensive report of an inquiry, headed by Lloyd George, into the British mining industry and the future of electric power.

£ Lloyd George, David Coal and Power - The Report of an Enquiry presided over by The Rt. Hon D Lloyd George, Hodder & Stoughton,pp with 16pp of plates illustrating the appalling housing conditions.Main Uses. The majority of coal tar is distilled to produce refined products, including creosote, coal-tar pitch, crude naphthalene, and anthracene oils.

[] Because of its high availability and heating value, some crude coal tar is used as fuel for blast furnaces in the steel industry.

[] Coal tar also has a long history of use in pharmaceutical products to treat skin conditions, including.